Martians are inhabitants of the planet Mars. Martians are stronger and more durable than humans, capable of shapeshifting, intangibility and flight, can adapt to various environments including that of Earth, and are telepathic. Martians have two genders, and marriage and familial relationships are apparently similar to those of humans. The entire Martain population was wiped out by the Imperium except for J'onn J'onzz.
In the DC comics, there are two distinct Martian races, the Green Martians, which are what the DCAU Martians are based on, and the White Martians. The two were once a single race, but their belligerence lead the Guardians of the Universe to separate them into two species: the Greens became a race of peaceful philosophers, while the Whites became a race of savage warriors.