DC Animated Universe
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This article is written from the Real World perspective Bruce Timm

Over the years, there have been several comic book series set in the DCAU. The majority of these tie-in comics were created by different teams than the crew who worked on the animated shows, while a select few comics shared creatives with the DCAU shows.

1997 - DCAU Comics Ad "The Adventures Never End"

A print-ad from 1997 DC Comics promoting DCAU Comics titles "Superman Adventures: Superman vs. Lobo" and "Batgirl Adventures"

Tie-in Comics[]

Year Title Issues Notes
1992 The Batman Adventures, Volume 1 #1–36

Mad Love

Holiday Special

Batman: Mask of the Phantasm

Annuals (#1–2)

  • Served as a tie-in to Batman: The Animated Series
  • Issues worked on by show staff include:
  • Issue #25 featured the Superman family of characters years before Superman: The Animated Series would premiere their canonical debut.
1993 Superman & Batman Magazine #1-8
  • Served as a tie-in to Batman: The Animated Series
  • Published by Welsh Publishing Group rather than DC Comics
  • Features some of the earliest DCAU-inspired depictions of characters outside of the Batman Family. Most of which would be contradicted by later on-screen material
1995 I Love to Read Batman #1-22
  • Served as a tie-in to Batman: The Animated Series
  • European magazine featuring exclusive and re-printed material.
Batman & Robin Adventures #1–25

Annuals (#1–2)

Batman & Mr. Freeze: Sub-Zero

  • Served as a tie-in to Batman: The Animated Series
  • Issues worked on by show staff include:
    • Issue #1-3, and Annual #1 written by Paul Dini. As well as #8 and #17 with Ty Templeton
    • Annual #2, written by Hilary J. Bader, is part of a larger crossover event with Superman Adventures and Adventures in the DC Universe
  • Issues #1-2 recycled a pitch for the movie that eventually became Batman: Mask of the Phantasm[1][2]
1996 Superman Adventures #1–66

Annual

World's Finest

Superman vs. Lobo

Exclusive Edition (Superman '64 prequel)

  • Served as a tie-in to Superman: The Animated Series
  • Issues worked on by show staff include:
    • Issue #1 by Paul Dini with cover art by Bruce Timm
    • Issue #15, 42 & 53 written by Mark Evanier
    • Issue #21 (with cover art by Bruce Timm), 39, 65 & 66 written by Evan Dorkin & Sarah Dyer
    • Issue #41 featuring pencils from Darwyn Cooke
    • Issue #49, 58, & 62 written by Michael Reaves
    • Annual #1, written by Hilary J. Bader, is part of a larger crossover event with Adventures in the DC Universe and Batman & Robin Adventures.
    • The adaptation of World's Finest features cover art by Bruce Timm
  • Issue #21 recycles unused material from Little Girl Lost.[3][4]
  • Issue #42 recycles an unused script from Superman: The Animated Series.[5] Issue #53 was initially outlined as a sequel episode. These versions of the story also featured the involvement of Steve Gerber.[6]
1997 Adventures in the DC Universe #1–19

Annual

  • While not a direct tie-in to a show airing at the time, this series adapted elements from Batman: The Animated Series, Superman: The Animated Series, and eventually The New Batman Adventures
  • Issues worked on by show staff include:
    • Issue #3 features "Cruise to Nightmare", written by Paul Dini with art by Bruce Timm
    • Annual #1, written by Hilary J. Bader, is part of a crossover event with Superman Adventures and Batman & Robin Adventures
  • As with Superman & Batman Magazine before it, Adventures in the DC Universe features many DC Characters before they would make on-screen appearances.
I Love to Read Batman and Superman #23-69
  • This was a re-branding of "I Love to Read Batman" meant to adapt for the new Superman: The Animated Series as well as The New Batman Adventures
1998 The Batman Adventures: The Lost Years #1–5
  • Served to bridge the gap between Batman: The Animated Series and The New Batman Adventures
  • Involvement by show staff includes:
    • Based on a timeline constructed by Paul Dini[3][7]
    • Written by Hilary J. Bader
Batman: Gotham Adventures #1–60
  • Served as a tie-in to The New Batman Adventures
  • Issues worked on by show staff include:
Batgirl Adventures One-Shot
  • Written by Paul Dini with Rick Burchett
  • Cover by Bruce Timm
1999 Batman Beyond, Volume 1 #1–6
  • Served as a tie-in to Batman Beyond
  • Issues worked on by show staff include:
    • Written by Hilary J. Bader
    • Issue #1-2 & 5 covers by Bruce Timm
    • Issue #4 cover by Darwyn Cooke
Batman Beyond, Volume 2 #1–24

Return of the Joker

  • Served as a tie-in to Batman Beyond
  • Issues worked on by show staff include:
    • Issues #1-14, 16-19, 21-22 & 24 written by Hilary J. Bader
    • Issue #9-13 covers by Ronnie Del Carmen
    • Issue #23-24 covers by Darwyn Cooke
2002 Gotham Girls #1–5
  • Served as a tie-in to Gotham Girls
  • Features covers by Shane Glines
Justice League Adventures #1–34

#1-8 (Burger King miniseries)

Nascar Special

  • Served as a tie-in to Justice League
  • Issues worked on by show staff include:
    • Issue #1 cover by Bruce Timm
    • Issue #7 cover by Darwyn Cooke
    • Issue #18 written by Stan Berkowitz
2003 The Batman Adventures, Volume 2 #1–17
  • Served as a continuation to the previous Batman Adventures titles re-designed for the titular's character design as seen in Justice League
  • Issues #1-4 feature covers by Bruce Timm
2003 Batman: Shadow of Sin Tzu #1-22
  • DCAU Tie-in only by technicality of being a sequel to Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu. The story does not attempt to adhere to DCAU continuity.
2004 Batman: Harley and Ivy #1-3
  • Written by Paul Dini with Bruce Timm
  • Art by Bruce Timm
  • Issue #1-2 Inked by Shane Glines
2004 Justice League Unlimited #1-46
2016 Batman/Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Adventures #1-6

Director's Cut

  • Served as a Batman: The Animated Series revival comic
2017 Harley Quinn and Batman #1-5
Batman and Harley Quinn #1-7
  • Served as a sequel to Batman and Harley Quinn
2018 Harley Loves Joker #1-2
  • Mini-series written by Paul Dini as a follow up to stories in Harley Quinn #17-26
2020 Batman: The Adventures Continue #1–8 (Print)

#1-17 (Digital First)

  • Served as a continuation to The New Batman Adventures, described as "the season you might have seen if we had not put the series aside to do Batman Beyond."[8]
  • Written by Paul Dini and Alan Burnett
  • Issue #8 (Print) cover by Ronnie Del Carmen
2021 Batman: The Adventues Continues: Season Two #1-7
Justice League Infinity #1-7
2023 Batman: The Adventues Continues: Season Three #1–8

Other titles[]

Outside of the typical on-going series, the DCAU has appeared in promotional comics, anthology titles, and other non-traditional formats. These include, but aren't limited to:

  • 1996 - Batman: Black and White #1
    • Features "Two of a Kind" a Batman: The Animated Series style Two-Face story written and drawn by Bruce Timm, which has been included in later DCAU tie-in collections.
  • 1997 - Dark Claw Adventures
    • An Amalgam one-shot title from the Batman Adventures crew that combined the worlds of the DCAU inspired book with that of it's X-Men: The Animated Series counterpart
  • 1999 - No Man's Land: Secret Files & Origins #1
    • Features "No Man's Land: The Animated Series", a Gotham Adventures style story presented by the team from that series.
  • 2001 - Batman: Gotham Knights #14
    • Features Batman: Black and White style story "The Bet" by Paul Dini, and drawn by Ronnie Del Carmen. The story has been included in later DCAU tie-in collections.
  • 2002 - 9-11 Vol. 2
    • An anthology commemorating the 9-11 terrorist attacks, this volume features "Static Shock: Wednesday Afternoon" by Dwayne McDuffie with art from Denys Cowan, a story modeled after the show that doesn't mind throwing continuity aside for the sake of the story being told.
  • 2016 - Love Is Love
    • An Anthology from IDW to commemorate the victims of gun violence murdered in the Pulse Nightclub Massacre. Paul Dini contributes a one page Harley and Ivy story titled "Love is Love" presented in the animated style.
  • 2017 - Harley Quinn #17-25
    • This run of comics featured "Harley Loves Joker" an ongoing animated style[9] story by Paul Dini that eventually spun out into it's own 2 issue mini-series.
  • 2022 - Tis the Season to Be Freezin'
    • DC Comics' annual holiday special, featuring the Paul Dini and Alan Burnett written 'Batman: The Adventures Continue story "Window Shopping"

Promotional Comics and ad campaigns[]

  • 1992-1995 - Totally Kids Magazine
    • The November issue of Fox Kids' in-house publication featured a 3 page story from the Batman Adventures team titled "Big Top Batman"[10]
    • Another Batman Adventures story would reach the magazine in 1995 when the Autumn and Winter issues featured the 2-part "Bat Trap" story.
  • 1994 - Batman and Me
    • A Mail-Away Batman Adventures style promotional comic, often referred to as either "Batman and Me" or "Batman: Born on the Forth of July" published in partnership with Rain-Blo Bubblegum, featuring art by Batman: The Animated Series storyboard artist Brad Rader
  • 1997-2002 - Burger King
    • To promote their Superman: The Animated Series themed Kids Club Meal, Burger King commissioned a one page comic as a print ad.
    • Likewise, Volume 8 Issue 6 of Burger King Kids Club Adventures features a comic strip titled "The Kids Club Kids in Superman Comes to Career Day"
    • The DCAU returned to Burger King in 1999. This time, a Batman Beyond "Draw Your Own Ending" comic was included in Adventures Volume 11 issue 1
    • In 2002, Burger King commissioned Justice League Adventures artist Chris Jones to draw miniature comics for their Justice League (animated series) promotion.
  • 1999 - Claritin Syrup Presents Batman
  • 2000 - Adventures with the DC Super Heroes
    • A promotional magazine published in partnership with America's Dairy Farmers and Milk Processors, this publication features a 2 page story titled "Batman Beyond" from Gotham Adventures team Scott Peterson and Craig Rousseau as well as a brief interview with Bruce Timm and Paul Dini
  • 2002-2008 - Con Edison Promotional Titles
    • Adventures With the DC Superheroes: Energy Safety and Efficiency
    • Energy and Safety With the DC Super Heroes
    • Energy & Safety Adventures: Superman and Friends
    • Energy & Safety Adventures with Green Lantern and Friends
    • Energy & Safety Adventures with the JLA
    • According to Ty Templeton, Con Edison also had an internal magazine, one issue featured a Gray Ghost strip.[11]
  • 2003 - Silly Putty
    • A small run of Justice League Silly Putty toys featured pack-in mini comics constructed by repurposing promotional art from the serie
  • 2004 - Nascar
    • When DC teamed up with NASCAR to theme 9 racers cars after the Justice League animated Series as part of the Justice League Racing Weekend event, the two companies released a wide array of merchandise, including a special edition issue of Justice League Adventures
  • 2006 - Aquaman and Supergirl in "Eye of the Storm"
  • 2019 - Snickers
    • A 2 page ad partnership drawn by Ty Templeton in the style of Batman: The Animated Series.[13]

Collected Editions[]

Batman Titles[]

Publication date Title Material collected
December 1993 Batman: The Collected Adventures Volume 1 TPB The Batman Adventures #1–6
June 1994 Batman: The Collected Adventures Volume 2 - The Dark Knight Adventures TPB The Batman Adventures #7–12
February 1999 The Batman Adventures: The Lost Years TPB The Batman Adventures: The Lost Years #1–5
June 2000 Batman: Gotham Adventures TPB Batman: Gotham Adventures #1–6
June 2003 The Batman Adventures: Dangerous Dames and Demons TPB The Batman Adventures Annual #1–2
The Batman Adventures: Mad Love
Adventures of the DC Universe #3 (back-up story)
July 2004 Batman Adventures: Rogues Gallery Digest Batman: Gotham Adventures #50
Batman Adventures #1–4
Batman Adventures: Shadows and Masks Digest Batman Adventures #5–9
July 2007 Batman: Harley and Ivy TPB Batman: Harley and Ivy #1–3

Batman: Gotham Knights #14, "The Bet"

May 2009 Batman: Mad Love and Other Stories HC/TPB The Batman Adventures: Mad Love, Annual #1-2, Holiday Special

Adventures in the DC Universe #3 Batman Black & White #1

July 2014 DC Comics Presents: Batman Adventures TPB The Batman Adventures #2, 27

Batman: Gotham Adventures #2, 4 Adventures in the DC Universe #3

November 2014 The Batman Adventures Vol. 1 TPB The Batman Adventures #1-10
April 2015 Batman Adventures: Mad Love Deluxe Edition HC The Batman Adventures: Mad Love
May 2015 The Batman Adventures Vol. 2 TPB The Batman Adventures #11-20
October 2015 The Batman Adventures Vol. 3 TPB The Batman Adventures #21-27, Annual #1
February 2016 Batman: Harley and Ivy The Deluxe Edition HC Batman: Harley and Ivy #1–3

The Batman Adventures Annual #1, Holiday Special The Batman and Robin Adventures #8 Batgirl Adventures #1 Batman: Gotham Knights #14, "The Bet"

April, 2016 The Batman Adventures Vol. 4 TPB The Batman Adventures #28-36, Annual #2, Holiday Special
December, 2016 Batman & Robin Adventures Vol. 1 TPB Batman & Robin Adventures #1-10
July, 2017 Batman/Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Adventures TPB Batman/Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Adventures #1-6
September, 2017 Batman His Greatest Adventures TPB The Batman Adventures #3, 19The Batman & Robin Adventures #4

Batman Beyond, volume 2 #1 Batman Adventures #11

December 2017 Batman & Robin Adventures Vol. 2 TPB Batman & Robin Adventures #11-18, Annual #1
December 2018 Harley Loves Joker HC Harley Quinn #17-25

Harley Loves Joker #1-2

July 2018 Batman & Robin Adventures Vol. 3 TPB Batman & Robin Adventures #19-25, Annual #2
March, 2019 Batman and Harley Quinn HC Batman and Harley Quinn #1-7

Harley Quinn and Batman #1-5

August, 2020 Batman Adventures: Batgirl - A League of Her Own Digest Batgirl Adventures #1

Batman: Gotham Adventures #8-9, #22, 38

October, 2020 Batman Adventures: Nightwing Rising Digest The Batman Adventures: The Lost Years #1-5

Batman: Gotham Adventures #1

January 2021 Batman Adventures: Robin, The Boy Wonder Digest Batman: Gotham Adventures #7, 19, 29, 42, 54

Batman Adventures #9

April, 2021 Batman Adventures: Riddle Me This! Digest Batman: Gotham Adventures #11, 28, 56-57

Batman Adventures #11

August, 2021 Batman Adventures: Cat Got Your Tongue? Digest Adventures in the DC Universe #2, #19

Batman: Gotham Adventures #4, #24, #50

Batman Adventures #10.

June, 2021 Batman: The Adventures Continue Season One TPB Batman: The Adventures Continue #1-17 (Digital) or #1-8 (Physical)
June, 2022 Batman: The Adventures Continue Season Two TPB Batman: The Adventures Continue Season Two #1-7

'Tis the Season to be Freezin'

September, 2023 The Batman Adventures Omnibus The Batman Adventures #1-36, Annual #1 & 2, Mad Love, Holiday Special

Batman: Mask of the Phantasm - The Animated Movie

Batman: Black and White #1 "Two of a Kind"

November, 2023 Batman: Harley and Ivy Expanded Edition TPB Batman: Harley and Ivy #1–3

The Batman Adventures Annual #1, Holiday Special The Batman and Robin Adventures #8 Batgirl Adventures #1 Batman: Gotham Knights #14, "The Bet"

February, 2024 Batman: The Adventures Continue Season Three TPB Batman: The Adventures Continue Season Three #1-8
July 2024 The Batman and Robin Adventures Omnibus The Batman & Robin Adventures #1-36, Annual #1 & 2, Sub-Zero

The Batman Adventures: The Lost Years #1-5

Superman Adventures[]

Publication date Title Material collected
May 1998 Superman: Adventures of the Man of Steel Superman Adventures #1-6
September 2004 Superman Adventures Vol. 1: Up, Up and Away Digest Superman Adventures #16,19,22-24
Superman Adventures Vol. 2: The Never-Ending Battle Digest Superman Adventures #25-29
Marh 2006 Superman Adventures Vol. 3: Last Son of Krypton Digest Superman Adventures #30-34
Superman Adventures Vol. 4: The Man of Steel Digest Superman Adventures #35-39
October, 2013 Superman Adventures: The Man of Steel TPB Superman Adventures #17, 18, 40-41

Superman & Batman Magazine #1, 3, 5, 7

November, 2015 Superman Adventures Vol. 1 Superman Adventures #1-10
May, 2016 Superman Adventures Vol. 2 Superman Adventures #11-16, Superman Adventures Annual #1, Superman Adventures Special #1
May, 2016 Superman Adventures Vol. 3 Superman Adventures #17-25
December, 2017 Superman Adventures Vol. 4 Superman Adventures #26-35
March, 2021 Superman Adventures: Lex Luthor, Man of Metropolis Digest Superman Adventures #27, 54-55, 65-66
August, 2021 Supergirl Adventures: Girl of Steel Digest Superman Adventures #21, 39, 52

Justice League Unlimited #7

Batman Beyond[]

Publication date Title Material collected
March 2000 Batman Beyond TPB Batman Beyond Volume 1
February, 2011 DC Comics Presents Batman Beyond #1 TPB Batman Beyond Volume 2 #13,14,21,22
April 2014 Batman Beyond: Batgirl Beyond TPB Batman Beyond Volume 2 #1-2
March 2024 Batman Beyond: The Animated Series Classics Compendium - 25th Anniversary Edition Batman Beyond Volume 1Batman Beyond Volume 2Superman Adventures #64

Justice League Titles[]

Publication date Title Material collected
April 2003 Justice League Adventures TPB Justice League Adventures #1, 3, 6, 10-13
February 2004 Justice League Adventures Vol. 1: The Magnificent Seven Digest Justice League Adventures #3, 6, 10-12
Justice League Adventures Vol. 2: Friends and Foes Digest Justice League Adventures #13, 14, 16, 19, 20
June 2005 Justice League Unlimited Vol. 1: United They Stand Digest Justice League Unlimite #1-5
April 2006 Justice League Unlimited Vol. 2: World’s Greatest Heroes Digest Justice League Unlimited #6-10
Justice League Unlimited, Vol. 3: Champions of Justice Digest Justice League Unlimited #11-15
April, 2009 Justice League Unlimited: Heroes TPB Justice League Unlimited #23-29
September, 2012 DC Comics Presents: Wonder Woman Adventures TPB Adventures in the DC Universe #1, 3, 11, 19
August, 2020 Justice League Unlimited: Galactic Justice Digest Justice League Unlimited #4, 6, 18, 24, 34, 36
November, 2020 Justice League Unlimited: Time After Time Digest Adventures in the DC Universe #10

Justice League Adventures #28, 30, 34 Justice League Unlimited #9, 19

February, 2021 Justice League Unlimited: Hocus Pocus Digest Justice League Unlimited #11, 14, 25, 33, 37, 40
July 6, 2021 Justice League Unlimited: Girl Power Digest Adventures in the DC Universe #6, 9

Justice League Adventures #4 Justice League Unlimited #1, 20, 22, 35, 42

Other Collections[]

DCAU material collected in otherwise non-DCAU related books

Publication date Title Material collected
July 1997 Batman: Black and White Vol. 1 TPB/HC Batman: Black & White #1, "Two of a Kind"
October 1997 Return to the Amalgam Age of Comics: The DC Comics Collection TPB Dark Claw Adventures #1
December 2000 DC Universe Christmas TPB The Batman Adventures Holiday Special (story The Harley and the Ivy)
September, 2002 Batman: Black and White Vol. 2 TPB/HC Batman: Gotham Knights #14, "The Bet"
April 2008 SHAZAM!: The Greatest Stories Ever Told TPB Adventures in the DC Universe #5
June 2008 Joker: The Greatest Stories Ever Told TPB The Batman Adventures Annual #1
July, 2016 Harley Quinn's Greatest Hits TPB The Batman Adventures #12
September, 2017 Harley Quinn: A Celebration of 25 Years HC The Batman Adventures Annual #1, Holiday Special

Batgirl Adventures #1 Batman Adventures #3, 16

January 2020 Batman: Black & White Omnibus Batman: Black & White #1, "Two of a Kind"

Batman: Gotham Knights #14, "The Bet"

September 2020 Batman by Paul Dini Omnibus Batman: Gotham Knights #14, "The Bet"
September 2022 Batman: No Man's Land Omnibus Vol. 2 Batman: No Man's Land - Secret Files & Origins #1, "No Man's Land: The Animated Series"
September, 2022 Harley Quinn: 30 Years of the Maid of Mischief - The Deluxe Edition HC The Batman Adventures #12

The Batman & Robin Adventures #18 Batman: Gotham Adventures #10 Batman: Gotham Knights #14, "The Bet"

Canonicity and continuity[]

While show crew were occasionally hired to work on the tie-in material, they ultimately lacked influence on the comic titles outside of the issues they were assigned to write or draw. Bruce Timm would note:

"We didn't have any direct input on the comics...DC never solicited our opinions on what they were doing, nor would we have had time to give them notes if they had--I learned very early on not to get my nose bent out of joint if they did something in the comics we would never have done--my own personal way of dealing with it was to consider only the animated episodes themselves as true canon-which means that even Mad Love wasn't purely canonical until we adapted it for the animated series.[3]"

As a result, this led to an environment where the tie-in crew had freedom in storytelling. As explained by Batman Adventures writer/editor Scott Peterson:

"Rather than simply adapt the shows that Paul Dini, Bruce Timm, and the rest of their team had already produced, Kelley Puckett, Mike Parobeck, Rick Burchett, Ty Templeton, and I tried to do what Paul and Bruce had done: lift directly what we could from the source material (in our case, the animated show; In their case, our original comics), regretfully abandon what wouldn't translate effectively from one medium to the other, and try most of all to re-create the magic the animated guys had captured so effortlessly[14]"

As recalled by Adam Beechen, this method of production would continue throughout to the Justice League Unlimited tie-in series:

"writing Justice League Unlimited was so wonderful, because I was beholden only to the animated series' continuity (and even then, only slightly, as we hardly ever referenced it), and because I was the only one working with those characters and that continuity. I could tell the stories I wanted without having to check with a hundred different people first.[15]"

However, while this led to critically acclaimed stories, the lack of involvement between camps has led to the continuity of the tie-in material being brought into question over the years. Peterson would state:

"We tried to follow the show's continuity and tried not to contradict anything.[...] While we'd occasionally try to do an issue that specifically came before or after a certain episode, in general, we just concentrated on not contradicting anything."[3]"

Despite this, as the DCAU continued to grow, many titles would retroactively become incompatible with the events that transpired on screen. A myriad of characters appeared before their Animated counterparts, and substantially different—most notably Superman, Lex Luthor (Batman Adventures #25), Huntress (Batman & Robin Adventures #19), Kyle Rayner, Aquaman (Adventures in the DC Universe #1), Amazo and Chronos (Justice League Adventures #6).

Furthermore, Timm would note elsewhere that the tie-in continuity was it's own thing concerning the comics, but on rare occasion could be subsumed into the on-screen continuity if it served the producers purposes.

"The comic book animated continuity is actually different than the actual animated continuity- they'll do things that contradict what we do and vice versa. But for the sake of the Demon story we did iin the animated show, we subsumed the annual we had done into the animated continuity just to get things moving faster. We didn't have to have them meet and slow the story down. The story starts as a fait accompli; they've already met each other off-stage and have some history together.[16]"

Other characters that first appeared in DCAU tie-in comics written by animation staff, such as Roxy Rocket (introduced in Batman Adventures Annual #1) would not receive this treatment when being brought to the screen. In some notable cases, even if a comic project was worked on by an animation writer, it still may not fit the animated continuity. One such case includes "Batman Adventures: The Holiday Special

"We wanted to adapt the Mr. Freeze story that Glen Murakami had drawn for the holiday special-but unfortunately, in between BTAS and TNBA Boyd Kirkland and Randy Rogel had brought the 'late' Mrs. Fries back to life in their movie SubZero, so we couldn't. Yes. SubZero was absolutely canon, even though I had no involvement in the project.[3]"

Regardless, on some occasions, limited information from the comics is used on the wiki—if a DCAU original character goes unnamed in the show itself. Examples include Dottie, Tayko and Weasel from Batman Beyond.

Non-Fiction Comics[]

Dark Knight: A True Batman Story[]

Dark Knight: A True Batman Story is an auto-biographical graphic novel written by Paul Dini based on his mugging in 1993. The comic features details from the production of Batman: The Animated Series and Batman: Mask of the Phantasm, including a multiple-page re-telling of an episode Paul had pitched that would have feature Morpheus and Death of the Endless from Neil Gaiman's Sandman

The Comic Book History of Animation[]

Published by IDW, Issue #5 of the series features a single page section about the development of Batman: The Animated Series, complete with quotes from producer Bruce Timm.

Finding Batman[]

The 2022 DC Pride anthology featured an autobiographical story written by Kevin Conroy going into detail regarding how his life as a gay man living through the AIDs crisis impacted his portrayal of Batman when first joining the series. Following the release, Conroy would thank fans for their support, saying "Whenever you share something that personal, you risk, and you all made that risk so worthwhile, because the support and appreciation has been extraordinary; I just wanted to make sure you knew that."[17]

Appearances In Mainstream Comics[]

Adapting and Revamping DCAU original characters[]

See: DCAU influences on mainstream comics

Batman Beyond[]

After the introduction of Terry McGinnis as a future Batman in the mainstream universe, the Batman Beyond franchise was revitalized, but this time, as a continuation of the DC Animated Universe. They were first published as digital comics under the names Batman Beyond, Superman Beyond and Justice League Beyond, and written by J.T. Krul, Adam Beechen, Derek Fridolfs and Dustin Nguyen. When discussing his approach to continuity, Beechen would note:

"I'm mostly beholden to the animated series' continuity, and I'm the only one working in it, so I can kind of cherry-pick what elements of current print continuity to mention. But when I do, I find it's best to check with the Editorial Batcave at DC so they know what I'm up to and can make sure I'm not throwing off anything they have in their plans.[...]Our hope is that, by tying the series just enough to mainstream continuity through these little "drop-in" references, we'll attract more mainstream readers who might not otherwise give it a chance, and who will then regard it as sort of an island from the event tie-ins. A universe that crosses over with the mainstream universe just a little bit, like two circles in a Venn diagram.[15]"

The series was rebooted again by authors Kyle Higgins and Christos N. Gage, and has also referred to to as continuing the continuity of the animated universe.[18][19][20] though stripped back from the mainstream elements seen in Beechen's run before. As explained by Higgins:

"All the continuity of the cartoon stands, and I’m doing my best to make the book feel like it’s nothing less than a lost season of the show. We’re not connected to the New 52 in any way.[21]"

"There are certain elements in our series that are informed by Adam Beechen's run on Batman Beyond [1.0], that happened before ours. And there are other things that Adam did that are more directly influenced by DC-proper continuity, and that's where it gets a little more…what's continuity and what's not? So we always go back to the show.[22]"

According to Gage, the writers were allowed to pitch any idea they wanted "just as long as it doesn’t violate the continuity that’s already been established for the Beyond universe."[23]

When asked in 2015 for his thoughts regarding the continuity of Batman Beyond comics, Bruce Timm would respond:

"I have read a few of the Batman Beyond comics, and I’ve gone, “Oh, that’s okay, but it’s not what I would have done with them.” And again, it’s not a value judgment. It just doesn’t interest me since I am part of those characters, integral to that team that created that world. I just have to think of it as not canon.

To me, the Batman Beyond comics are not my Batman Beyond. It’s gone beyond that. If its officially part of the DC universe continuity, great. More power to them, but it’s not my Batman Beyond.[24]"

In 2015, DC would designated this as "Earth 12" through Grant Morrison's Multiversity Guidebook. Rather than attaching the series to the cartoon, the Guidebook states that Earth 12 has "a timeline running slightly in advance of Earth-0". The world of the Justice Lords as represented in the 2.0 iterations of the comic are said to originate from Earth-50. Despite the noted attachment to Earth-0, Grant's "Multiverse Orrery relationships" graphic found in the Deluxe Edition release of Multiversity places Earth-12 in an area labeled "The Cartoon Rim" with a line labeled "The Animated Good/Evil Axis" running across the map from it to Earth-50. Additionally, when DC introduced the "Dark Multiverse" in 2016, Earth -12 was debuted as a dark reflection of it's main counterpart.

In 2023, the Milestone 30th Anniversary Special used "DC Animated Universe" and "Earth 12" interchangeably when referring to the setting of "Static Beyond". Despite this, Static is portrayed as only 35, younger than either future versions we've seen of the character in Future Shock or The Once and Future Thing Part Two: Time, Warped.

Earth 12 Comics[]

Year Title Issues Notes
2010 Batman Beyond, Volume 3 #1-6
Superman/Batman Annual #4 Features "A Time Beyond Hope" story
2011 Batman Beyond, Volume 4 #1-8
Superman Beyond #0 (One-Shot)
2012 Batman Beyond (Digital) #1-29 (Digital)
Justice League Beyond #1-25 (Digital)
Superman Beyond #1-20 (Digital)
Batman Beyond Unlimited #1-18 Title that physically reprinted material from:
  • Batman Beyond (Digital)
  • Justice League Beyond
  • Superman Beyond
2013 Batman Beyond 2.0 #1-40 (Digital)
Justice League Beyond 2.0 #1-24 (Digital)
Batman Beyond Universe #1-9 Title that physically reprinted material from:
  • Batman Beyond 2.0
  • Justice League Beyond 2.0
2021 Teen Titans Academy #2,3, 6-7. 11, 13-15 The character "Cybruh" is said to be from Earth-12
DC's Very Merry Multiverse One-Shot Features "Holidays Beyond" story
2023 Milestone: 30th Anniversary Special One-Shot Features "Static Beyond" story
Earth 12, 50, and -12 Cameos[]

As the DC Multiverse continues to be a relevant plot point, the characters of Earth 12 and its related counterparts frequently show up in the background or as side characters of other stories. These include:

  • 2005 - Superman/Batman #22-23
  • 2007 - Countdown #21
  • 2007 - 52 #52
  • 2008 - Countdown: Arena #1
  • 2010 - Justice League of America #43
  • 2010 - Batman #700
  • 2011 - Batman: Arkham Unhinged Chapter 10 (Digital)
  • 2015 - Batman: Arkham Knight Annual #1
  • 2015 - Convergence #0
  • 2015 - The Multiversity #2
  • 2015 - The Multiversity Guidebook
  • 2017 - Superman #15-16
  • 2017 - Batman: The Merciless #1
  • 2017 - Justice League #33
  • 2018 - The Flash #52, 57
  • 2019 - The Green Lantern #1, 10-11
  • 2019 - The Terrifics #13
  • 2019 - Justice League #26, 33-34, 36
  • 2019 - Lex Luthor: Year of the Villain #1
  • 2020 - Tales From the Dark Multiverse: Teen Titans: The Judas Contract
  • 2020 - Dial H for Hero #10
  • 2020 - Gotham City Monsters #6
  • 2020 - Dark Nights: Death Metal Multiverse's End #1
  • 2020 - Superman: Man of Tomorrow #19
  • 2021 - The Green Lantern: Season Two #11
  • 2021 - Infinite Frontier #4
  • 2021 - Tales From the Dark Multiverse: Dark Nights Metal #1
  • 2022 - Justice League vs. The Legion of Super-Heroes #3
  • 2023 - Batman/Superman: World's Finest #20
  • 2023 - Knight Terrors: Harley Quinn
  • 2023 - Dark Crisis: Big Bang #1

DCAU Cameo Appearances[]

In other Tie-in books[]

  • 2006 - Krypto: The Super Dog
    • Absent character models from the show it was based on, artist Min S. Ku defaulted to using DCAU designs across this mini-series. Despite this, the stories were not written to line up with DCAU continuity, and characters like Lex Luthor retain their designs from the Krypto The Super Dog TV show. These re-used designs include:
      • Superman (Issue #1, 3, 6)
      • The Joker (Issue #1, 5)
      • Arkham Asylum (Issue #1)
      • The Penguin (Issue #3)
      • The Flash (Issue #4)
      • James Gordon, Alfred Pennyworth, The Riddler's Costume, Justice League era Batman, and The Batmobile (Issue #5)
      • Martian Manhunter and Lara-El (Issue #6)
  • 2007 - Teen Titans Go #45
    • Issue #13 features reprinted material from Adventures in the DC Universe #15
    • In Issue #45, The Justice League of the Teen Titans TV series is seen depicted similarly to their JLU counterparts.
  • 2008 - Legion of Super-Heroes in the 31st Century #17
    • A group of Thanagarian pirates wear battle armor reminiscent to Warhawk's.
  • 2008 - The Batman Strikes #41
  • 2013 - Green Lantern: The Animated Series #13
    • Rather than create a new design for Lobo, artist former Justice League Unlimited tie-in artist Dario Brizuela re-used the previous Timm-Style design
  • 2013 - Scooby-Doo Team Up
    • The title bounces styles when using DC characters, but a DCAU influence is evident in Dario Brizuela's style on physical issues #12, 15, 17, 21, 28, and 34

In mainstream comics[]

  • 1994 - Superman: The Man of Steel #27
    • A Batman: The Animated Series style batman can be seen on the cover as part of a group of the character from across the multiverse
  • 1994 - Superboy #4
    • The majority of the issue is presented in the style of a non-existent "Superboy: The Animated Series" drawn by Batman Adventures artist Mike Parobeck.
  • 1995 - Superman: The Man of Steel Gallery
    • Features a Bruce Timm rendered Superman from the time of Superman: The Animated Series production
  • 1995 - The Endless Gallery
    • Features a Batman Adventures style piece from The Batman and Robin Adventures colorist, Linda Medley, titled "Endless Adventures"
  • 1997 - The Batman Chronicles Gallery
  • 1999 - Fanboy #5
    • Features Batman briefly drawn by Bruce Timm
  • 1999 - No Man's Land Gallery
    • Features a Gotham Adventures meets No Man's Land illustration by Craig Rousseau
  • 1999 - Superman/Fantastic Four
    • A Superman: The Animated Series style rendering of the character can be seen in one panel of this DC/Marvel crossover
  • 2000 - Superman and Batman: World's Funnest
    • Written by Evan Dorkin, this story takes Bat-Mite and Mr. Mxyzptlk on a trip across the multiverse, including a two page spread drawn by Glen Murakami and Bruce Timm in the style of storyboards from The New Batman Adventures and Superman: The Animated Series. Batman Adventures artist Ty Templeton sneaks in a Batman Beyond cameo elsewhere in the book.
  • 2001 - Catwoman #89
    • Courtesy of DCAU tie-in artist Craig Rousseau, a TNBA style take of Batman, Robin, James Gordon, and the Gotham Girls appear as part of a TV pitch presented by Harley Quinn.
  • 2014 - Adventures of Superman #40
    • This story features many different representations of The Joker, including one panel styled after his appearance in Batman: The Animated Series.
  • 2017 - Action Comics #975
    • In a Paul Dini story set in the main DC Universe, Mr. Mxyzptlk tells Jon Kent "I was on the cartoon show". An illustration of Mxy and Superman in the style of Superman: The Animated Series follows a few panels later.
  • 2017 - Trinity #5
    • An animated version of Superman is seen in a hallucination.
  • 2017 - White Knight #1
    • One page contains multiple visual references to Batman: The Animated Series.
  • 2018 - Action Comics #1000
  • 2019 - Doom Patrol: Weight of the Worlds
    • Batman: The Animated Series style action figures of Harley Quinn and The Joker briefly appear
  • 2021 - Batman Black & White #1
    • The story "Weight" features an homage to Clayface and Batman in their Batman: The Animated Series designs.
  • 2023 - Batman
    • In issue #135, one panel re-draws promotional art from Batman: The Animated Series in a way to suggest the main universe Batman was visiting a world where he had killed the Joker. A few pages later, he visits a future with Bruce, Terry, and The Joker present in their animated designs. A DCAU styled Batman of Zur-En-Arrh also makes a cameo appearance.
    • The "Mind Bomb" arc across Issues #139-141 sees the return of the DCAU styled Batman of Zur-En-Arrh.
  • 2023 - Harley Screws Up the DCU #6
    • "Harley Classic" makes an appearance as a member of The Council of Quinn. The Joker also has a cameo.
  • 2023 - Knight Terrors: Harley Quinn
    • A Batman: The Animated Series style Joker appears in a crowd of different versions of the character.
  • 2023 - Harley Quinn #37
    • Issues #25-27 featured multiversal versions of Harley Quinn, including the classic animated form.
    • In 2024, #37 featured a found footage sequence represents The Joker in his Batman: the Animated Series form for one panel.

Books[]

Many easy reading books were written, as tie-ins to Batman: The Animated Series, Static Shock, Justice League and others. Novelizations and comic book adaptations of DCAU films have also been released.

External links[]

  1. Overtstreet Fan Magazine #4
  2. Wizard Magazine #51
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Youngman, Philip. “The Batman Adventures: An Enduring Legacy.” Back Issue, no. 99, Sept. 2017, pp. 35–49.
  4. ---. “STAS 10th: Evan Dorkin & Sarah Dyer on “Superman Adventures.”” Dcanimated.com, 6 Sept. 2006. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  5. Liu, Edward. ““STAS 10th: Mark Evanier.”” Dcanimated.com, 1 Aug. 2006. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  6. Steve Gerber: Conversations (1999), page 197
  7. Batman & Robin Adventures #25
  8. Ching, Albert. “Batman: The Adventures Continue Offers a Return to the Animated World.” DC, 31 Mar. 2020, . Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  9. Blevins, Bret. ““Today Two Pages of a Wacky Action Sequence between the Animated Batman, Harley and Joker” - @Bretblevinsart.” Www.instagram.com, 26 June 2023, . Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  10. kidsblockblog. “Page by Page Guide: “Totally Kids Magazine” #9 (November 1992).” The Kids Block Blog+, 31 Dec. 2019. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Templeton, Ty. “UNSEEN MARVEL! UNSEEN DC! Does Anyone Ever SEE My Work?!?Ty Templeton’s ART LAND!!, 11 Mar. 2010. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  12. Templeton, Ty. “Extremely Unseen Marvel Punisher, More Slightly Seen DC and HOVERBOY FRIDAY! Plus the Big Announcement! AND Nepotism Thursday. How Long Is This $)(*#$)(*##!! Title?!?Ty Templeton’s ART LAND!!, 12 Mar. 2010. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  13. Tweet by @DCOfficial
  14. Batman Animated
  15. 15.0 15.1 Editions, Collected. “Interview: Adam Beechen Talks Batgirl, Batman beyond with Collected Editions.” Collected Editions, 27 Apr. 2011. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  16. Modern Masters Volume Three: Bruce Timm. Edited by Eric Nolen-Weathington, vol. 3, Raleigh, Twomorrows, 2004, p. 62.
  17. "Thank you" - @RealKevinConroy on Twitter
  18. Burlingame, Russ. “Batman beyond Universe’s Higgins and Gage on Rebooting the Future at DC.” Comicbook.com, 4 Aug. 2013. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  19. KyleDHiggins. “I’m Kyle Higgins, Writer of C.O.W.L., Nightwing, Batman beyond 2.0. AMA.” Reddit, 29 May 2014. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  20. Truitt, Brian. “Kyle Higgins Taps into Cartoon Love for “Batman Beyond.”” USA TODAY, 2 Aug. 2013. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  21. Boucher, Geoff. ““Batman beyond 2.0”: Kyle Higgins Talks New Digital Comic Series, His Dream Movie Version.” EW.com, 6 Aug. 2013. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  22. Reed, Patrick A. ReedPatrick A. “Kyle Higgins & Alec Siegel Talk Batman beyond 2.0 [Interview].” ComicsAlliance, 8 Aug. 2014. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  23. Asberry, Andrew. “Comic-Con Exclusive: Talking Batman beyond Universe with Kyle Higgins and Christos N. Gage.” Batman News, 25 July 2013. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
  24. Saavedra, John. “Bruce Timm Interview: Justice League, Batman, Harley Quinn, & More.” Den of Geek, 8 June 2015. Accessed 11 Mar. 2024.
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